Most popular among people with an overbite is this oral concern called protruding teeth. This condition is very pronounced – people can easily spot it if a person has it. Thankfully, it is quite simple to correct protruding teeth after considering the cause.
This post is all about identifying the factors that primarily cause protruding teeth and how they can be corrected.
What causes protruding teeth?
We see quite a number of patients having protruding teeth due to childhood habits such as the use of dummy or thumb sucking. Apart from this, adults can develop protruding teeth via certain behaviours, some of which stem from their activities as children.
That said, let us take a look at the reasons for protruding teeth.
When the tongue pushes against the teeth in a more forward position, it can cause the teeth to be misaligned such that an overbite or open bite becomes the case. And this directly results in protruding teeth. Children are known to engage in tongue thrusting, but where it is not controlled, they grow into adults carrying the habit with them.
Remarkably, the problem of tongue thrusting can come into being due to:
- Severely enlarged tonsils or adenoids
- Problems with swallowing
- Some sleeping habits carried out unconsciously
This is a case where a person is given birth to, and their jaws are not proportionately sized. Dentally, it is sometimes called an asymmetrical jaw, where the top and bottom jaws do not have equal size. People inherit this malocclusion at birth. It is typically noticed when the adult teeth have erupted. Affected persons can get an uneven jaw corrected with orthodontic treatment either as a child or an adolescent. The orthodontist may only advise an orthognathic surgery if the condition is very severe. This involves breaking the jaw and have it reformed.
Teeth conditions – missing, additional or impacted teeth
When a person has missing teeth, the ones that are remaining can move and become protruded. Protruding teeth can also present where there’s additional teeth in the mouth but very little space for the teeth to sit comfortably. Where the teeth are closely packed together – crowded as a result of having a small jaw, the teeth in front can be forced to protrude.
Bone loss and periodontitis
Severe gum disease known as periodontitis or periodontal disease will make the bone supporting the teeth to become weak and eventually wear out. This leads to loss of bone, and the teeth will no longer be stable enough to stand. What happens next is that the teeth begin to grow longer and stretch outwards.
Mouth and jaw problems – cysts and tumours
This is very uncommon, but when the mouth or jaw is affected by conditions like cyst growth, mild or severe tumours, there is a possibility that the teeth will shift and enter into a protruded state.
How to treat protruding teeth – Is braces an option? What other options can be used?
People with protruding teeth can change the position of their teeth with many orthodontic treatments like braces. Even a clear aligner system like Invisalign can reposition protruding teeth. But an orthodontist will determine what treatment option is best by examining the cause of the protrusion, its condition, as well as that of your teeth and gums.
If there is pre-existing periodontitis, it will be treated first. Again, the dentist will highlight whatever oral or health condition is causing the teeth to be protruded.
One may get a correction for protruding teeth with the above common treatment options but bear in mind that every case is not the same. The type of treatment you get comes down to the specific condition of the protrusion. This is why a good dentist will first do a rigorous assessment of the case to know exactly what is causing the teeth to protrude. All cases are not treated with just one solution.
For what length of time can treatment for protruded teeth be completed?
A person with a mild protrusion will get treated faster than one with a serious case. After diagnosis, some persons may be found to have protruded teeth as a result of a condition that is different from that of the others. This will now determine the treatment option.
In simple terms, treatment duration for protruded teeth depends on:
- The cause of the protrusion
- How severe the protruded teeth are
- The choice of treatment
Your dentist is in the best position to tell you how long the treatment will last since they understand the condition better. In general, many orthodontic treatments are completed within a period of 12 to 24 months.
Adults can develop protruded teeth due to certain habits they had in childhood, such as tongue thrusting. Protruding teeth can also be passed on from parents to children. Certain problems in the jaws and mouth can result in teeth protrusion. Other causes include overcrowded teeth, missing teeth, additional teeth, severe gum disease, and bone loss.
But the good news is that protruding teeth can be corrected using several orthodontic treatments, including braces and Invisalign. As for how long treatment will take, it is specific to the nature of the case.
Get your smile back at Adult Braces London
Are you concerned about protruding teeth? Is it draining your self-esteem so much and makes you always self-conscious? We can help you get back your smile with Invisalign treatment at Adult Braces London. Our dentist will get to know what is causing the protrusion at your first appointment with us.